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Paycheck Calculator

Written by:

Daniel Eisner is a payroll specialist with over a decade of practical experience in senior accounting positions.

Paycheck Calculator

Paycheck Calculator

Navigating the intricacies of payroll—be it deductions, taxes, or benefits—is a crucial task for any HR professional or payroll manager, often going beyond merely understanding an employee’s salary.

With our sophisticated paycheck calculator, you can seamlessly dissect income components, providing you with a streamlined way to assess financial conditions.

Whether you’re strategizing for company budgeting, forecasting future financial scenarios, or simply require a comprehensive understanding of payroll, our tool offers a reliable resource to understand the granular details of employee compensation. Let’s delve into the complexities of payroll and demystify your financial management tasks.

Disclaimer: Please note that this paycheck calculator is designed for use by both payroll professionals and employees to facilitate accurate understanding of paycheck details. Please be aware that our calculator is designed to communicate directly with the employee. For instance, when prompted ‘Where are you employed?’, this can be also interpreted as referring to the location of your employee.


Where are you employed?


How much do you get paid annual?

Salary frequency

How often are you paid?

Marital status

What is your federal filing status?


Children under 17 and students under 24

All other dependents

Employee Location

Where do you live?

Benefits and Deductions


The addition of employee benefits such as 401(k)s and health insurance can affect how your paycheck is calculated. Please add any deductions for benefits offered by your company.

Choose a calculation method:

Fringe Benefits


Fringe benefits are additional non-cash benefits offered by employers and are often taxable, which can affect an employee’s paycheck and final take-home pay. Please skip this section if you don’t use any of these benefits.

Choose a calculation method:

Gross Pay


Income taxes



Federal Income Tax



Alabama State Tax



Local Tax



FICA taxes



Social Security




Additional Medicare



Pre tax



Post tax



How Our Salary Paycheck Calculator Works

Navigating through your paycheck can be challenging, but with our Salary Paycheck Calculator, we’ve made it simpler. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how our calculator works and how it can help you understand your paycheck better:

1. State: Our calculator is designed to cater to the specific tax rules of each state. Simply select your state to ensure the calculations take into account state-specific tax rates and regulations.

2. Salary and Salary Frequency: Enter your gross salary (the total amount of money you earn before any deductions) and how often you get paid (weekly, bi-weekly, monthly, etc). This information forms the basis for all other calculations.

3. Marital Status and Dependents: Your marital status and number of dependents can impact the amount of tax withheld from your paycheck. Providing this information helps refine the tax calculation.

4. Employee Location: Your city of residence can have a significant impact on your local tax obligations. By providing your exact location, the calculator can account for local tax rates, ensuring a more accurate depiction of your net pay. This is particularly important if your city of residence differs from your place of work, as different cities may have varying tax rules and rates.

5. Benefits and Deductions: Enter any pre-tax or post-tax deductions like retirement plan contributions, health insurance premiums, and any other benefits offered by your employer. These reduce your taxable income, impacting the overall tax calculation.

6. Fringe Benefits: If you receive any fringe benefits – additional compensation like company car or gym membership – input them here. Some of these may be subject to taxes.

After entering all these details, our calculator computes the following:

Gross Pay: Your total earnings before any deductions are made.

Federal Income Tax: The amount that will be withheld from your paycheck based on the information provided, in accordance with IRS tax tables.

FICA Taxes: These are mandatory deductions for Social Security and Medicare.

State and Local Taxes: The tax amount deducted as per the rates and rules of the state and locality you live in.

Take Home Pay: Also known as net pay, this is the amount you receive after all deductions and taxes have been subtracted from your gross pay.

By breaking down your income and deductions, our Salary Paycheck Calculator empowers you with a clear understanding of your earnings, taxes, and deductions. This transparency enables you to plan, budget, and manage your financial health more effectively. Remember, knowledge is power, especially when it comes to your hard-earned money.

Paycheck Calculators by State

Every state in the U.S. has its unique tax rates and regulations which can influence your net earnings. Simply choose your state from the list, input your details, and let our tool provide a detailed, state-specific breakdown of your salary.

How is Your Paycheck’s Income Tax Withholding Calculated?

Your paycheck’s income tax withholding is calculated based on the information you provide on your Form W-4, which includes your marital status, the number of dependents, and any additional amounts you want withheld. The form also considers if you’re working more than one job or have a working spouse.

Your employer uses this information, in conjunction with the IRS tax tables, to determine how much federal income tax to withhold from your paycheck. Your paycheck may also have deductions for state and local taxes, depending on where you live and work.

Remember, tax withholding is a way of paying your annual income tax obligation throughout the year, rather than in a lump sum during tax season. Making sure the correct amount is withheld can help you avoid an unexpected tax bill or penalty.

How is Your Net Pay Calculated?

Net pay, often referred to as “take-home pay,” is the amount of money you receive after all deductions have been taken from your gross pay. Here’s how it’s calculated:

  1. Start with your Gross Pay: This is the total amount of income you earn in a pay period before any deductions or taxes.
  2. Subtract Payroll Deductions: These can include retirement contributions, health insurance premiums, and any pre-tax benefits you have elected.
  3. Subtract Federal, State, and Local Income Taxes: The amounts for these are determined by the information on your W-4 form and the respective tax rates.
  4. Subtract Social Security and Medicare Taxes: These are calculated based on fixed rates set by law. The rate for Social Security is 6.2% and for Medicare is 1.45%.

After all these deductions are made, the remaining amount is your Net Pay. It’s important to understand this calculation so you know where your money is going and can plan your budget accordingly.

What is FICA Withholding on a Paycheck?

FICA, or Federal Insurance Contributions Act, is a U.S. federal payroll tax imposed on both employees and employers to fund Social Security and Medicare — two government programs that provide benefits for retirees, the disabled, and children of deceased workers.

The FICA withholding on a paycheck consists of two parts:

  • Social Security Tax: This is typically withheld at a rate of 6.2% on earned income up to a certain annual limit (the maximum taxable earnings), which is adjusted each year.
  • Medicare Tax: This is withheld at a rate of 1.45% of all earned income, with an additional 0.9% levied on high-income earners above a certain threshold.

So, when you see FICA withholding on your paycheck, it’s the money that’s being taken out to fund these programs, which you may benefit from in the future. It’s important to note that your employer also pays an equivalent amount of FICA taxes, effectively doubling the contributions made.

What are the Other Deductions on Your Paycheck?

In addition to FICA taxes, federal, state, and local taxes, there are other potential deductions that you might see on your paycheck. Here are some of the most common ones:

  1. Health Insurance: If you participate in your employer’s health plan, your contribution to the premium will likely be deducted from your paycheck.
  2. Retirement Contributions: If you contribute to a retirement plan like a 401(k) or 403(b), these contributions will be deducted from your paycheck. Some employers may match a portion of these contributions.
  3. Flexible Spending Account (FSA) or Health Savings Account (HSA) Contributions: If you choose to participate, these pre-tax contributions will be deducted from your paycheck.
  4. Life Insurance and Disability Insurance: If you opt for these benefits through your employer, your premiums will be deducted from your paycheck.
  5. Union Dues: If you’re part of a union, your dues may be automatically deducted from your paycheck.
  6. Wage Garnishments: If you owe money as a result of a court order, such as child support or a debt judgment, these payments can be deducted directly from your paycheck.

Remember, the specific deductions on your paycheck may vary depending on your personal situation and the benefits offered by your employer. It’s always a good idea to thoroughly review your pay stub and understand all the deductions made.


What is gross pay?

Gross pay is your total earnings before any deductions such as taxes, insurance premiums, or retirement contributions are taken out.

What is net pay?

Net pay, also known as take-home pay, is the amount you receive after all deductions have been made from your gross pay.

Can I adjust the amount of tax withheld from my paycheck?

Yes, by submitting a new Form W-4 to your employer, you can adjust your withholdings. If too much is withheld, you may get a refund after filing your tax return, and if too little is withheld, you may owe tax.

How are state taxes calculated in the Salary Paycheck Calculator?

State taxes are calculated based on the specific tax rates and rules of the state you live in. Our calculator takes into account these variations for accuracy.

What are pre-tax deductions?

Pre-tax deductions are amounts taken out of your gross pay before income taxes are calculated. These might include contributions to retirement plans, health insurance premiums, or Health Savings Accounts.

What should I do if I think there's a mistake on my paycheck?

If you think there’s an error, first use our Salary Paycheck Calculator to confirm. If you still believe there’s an error, you should contact your company’s HR or payroll department.